Gulf of California shrimp - bottom trawl

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Overview

The Pacific Ocean is the most productive fishing area for Mexico, providing approximately 75 percent of seafood catch by volume, and accounting for most of the country’s seafood exports by value. The Mexican Pacific Ocean Industrial shrimp fishery is the most important fishery for the country; having the greatest economic value. It is also the highest-ranked fishery in terms of number of vessels and direct jobs. The fishery is also the country’s third largest by volume with annual landings of approximately 40,000 tonnes of which 2/3 are exported to the USA Market.

At the same time, the industrial shrimp fishery has an ecologically damaging fishery. For decades, the use of antiquated gear and an increase in the number and the size of vessels have exacted a heavy toll on the environment. Prior to the fleet reduction ten years ago, it was estimated that high levels of bycatch had resulted in the wasteful discard of tens of thousands of tonnes of approximately 600 marine species.

Fortunately, in the last two decades the Mexican Pacific Ocean Industrial shrimp fishery has implemented major improvements toward achieving sustainability:

  • The fleet reduction is by far the biggest change implemented. Thanks to the federal government’s buyout program begun in 2006, the fleet was reduced by 50 percent and today has the same number of vessels that it had in the 1970’s.
  • The shrimp fishing gear has also evolved significantly. All vessels in the fleet now use low-weight materials that have reduced their drag weight by 90 percent. Furthermore, besides the use of Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs). the new fishery regulations require mandatory use of bycatch reduction devices (BRDs) and establishes a maximum net size, and require bigger mesh sizes to foster selective harvesting.
  • Fishery administration and enforcement have also improved. All shrimp fishing vessels are now monitored 24/7 by the fisheries agency CONAPESCA through a vessel monitoring system (VMS).

After eight years of coordination from the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership, it is time for the industry to take the leadership of the FIP to continue satisfying the markets sustainability demands. After some negotiations, PROMARMEX (Productores del Mar de México S.A. de C.V.) a consortium of 96 fishing companies which consolidates and packs all the production under its own brand “Mexican Shrimp Paradise”, has received the FIP leadership and coordination.

PROMARMEX  has a 10 years partnership with Amende & Schultz Company who is responsible for sales and marketing of the brand in the United States. PROMARMEX also controls 350 fishing boats (60% of the fleet in Sinaloa state and 50% of the Mexican Pacific Ocean fleet) and 6 processing facilities all located in Mazatlán, Sinaloa.

PROMARMEX fleet operates on all of the fishery geographic distribution, from the western coast of the Baja California Peninsula to the border with Guatemala, including the Sea of Cortez up to the Guaymas region in the center of the Gulf. That´s why the group is diversified in species and sizes of Mexican wild caught shrimp.

The Pacific Ocean is the most productive fishing area for Mexico, providing approximately 75 percent of seafood catch by volume, and accounting for most of the country’s seafood exports by value. The Mexican Pacific Ocean Industrial shrimp fishery

FIP Objective(s) 
  • Promote the continuous assessment of all the shrimp stocks targeted by the fishery
  • Promote transparency in the monitoring, research and decision making process for the fishery management
  • Promote monitoring and assessment of the fishery environmental impacts
  • Promote full compliance with fishery regulations
  • Promote supply chain transparency and accountability
FIP Type 
Basic
FIP Stage 
Stage 4: Improvements in Fishing Practices or Fishery Management
Start and Projected End Dates
September, 2009
May, 2020
Species 
Common Name 
Blue Shrimp
Scientific Name 
Litopenaeus stylirostris
Additional Names 
Camarón azul
Common Name 
Whiteleg Shrimp
Scientific Name 
Litopenaeus vannamei
Additional Names 
Camarón blanco
Common Name 
Brown Shrimp
Scientific Name 
Farfantepenaeus californiensis
Additional Names 
Camarón Cafe
Gear Type 
Bottom Trawl
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Mexico
Additional Attributes 
Mexican Pacific Ocean Coast
Flag of Vessel 
Mexico
Volume
FIP Volume 
24,000 metric tons
Total Fishery Volume 
40,000 metric tons

How is this FIP Doing?

FisheryProgress.org uses 28 industry-standard indicators based on the Marine Stewardship Council Fisheries Standard to track FIP progress. This shows a snapshot of the FIP’s current performance against the indicators using the following scale: Red=below 60, Yellow=60-79, Green=80 or higher, Gray=data not available to score the fishery.
14% 54% 32%
Basic FIPs may focus their workplans on a subset of the indicators. This shows the proportion of total indicators the FIP is working on.
100%
This shows the proportion of actions in the workplan that the FIP has completed.
0%
This shows the proportion of actions that are behind schedule, on track,completed, or not yet started.
Behind On Track Complete Future
0% 100% 0% 0%
This shows the proportion of actions specifically addressing red indicators that are behind schedule, on track, completed, or not yet started. This helps users understand the progress the FIP is making on the biggest challenges in the fishery.
Behind On Track Complete Future
0% 100% 0% 0%
FIP Progress Rating 
B - Good Progress

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Productores del Mar de México S.A. de C.V. PROMARMEX
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Miguel Rousse
Phone 
+52 669 1181100
Organization Name 
Pesca Responsable y Comercio Justo S de RL de CV
Organization Type 
Consultant
Primary Contact 
Juan Manuel Garcia Caudillo
Phone 
+52 646 1208525