Prospective FIPs intend to meet the requirements for active FIPs within one year. These projects are posted on FisheryProgress to help users identify opportunities to support developing FIPs and prevent the start of duplicate FIPs. Prospective FIPs are not yet demonstrating progress toward sustainability.
The shrimp fishery is the most economically important in Sinaloa, and the shrimp fishing season occurs from September to March. Since the early 1960s, the Sinaloa shrimp fishery has been closed from April through August. Small-scale fisheries generally use fiberglass skiffs known as “pangas” to catch shrimp. Managers report that the Gulf of California harbors about 29,000 pangas officially registered for small-scale fisheries, 82% of which are found in the northwest Mexican Pacific coast, including Sinaloa with ~11,000 of these pangas. Producers in the northern region use both trawl nets and gillnets to target blue shrimp.
According to managers, the shrimp resource has been at its maximum sustainable yield in recent years. Current management strategy is composed of a series of measures that include: closed seasons (normally between April and August), designated fishing areas, and restrictions on gear. These management practices as a whole are designed to maintain the reproductive biomass and avoid an increase in the fishing effort. However, some uncertainties related to the status of the stock and the effectiveness of the management strategies remain unclear. Similarly, the specific impacts of the drift gillnet and trawl systems on the ecosystem are not quite well defined. This FIP aims to help to generate information to assess and mitigate potential impacts of the fishery, to work with fishers and managers to improve the data used to assess the status of the stocks, and participate actively in the review of the regulatory framework.
The shrimp fishery is the most economically important in Sinaloa, and the shrimp fishing season occurs from September to March. Since the early 1960s, the Sinaloa shrimp fishery has been closed from April through August.