Prospective FIPs intend to meet the requirements for active FIPs within one year. These projects are posted on FisheryProgress to help users identify opportunities to support developing FIPs and prevent the start of duplicate FIPs. Prospective FIPs are not yet demonstrating progress toward sustainability.
The shrimp fishery is one of the most economically important fisheries in Mexico. Sonora is the largest producer of shrimp from aquaculture and the second-largest producer of wild harvested shrimp in the country. Several important fishing grounds are located in places like Kino Bay or Bahia de Lobos. In the region, both industrial and small-scale producers operate targeting both brown and blue shrimp, with the small-scale producers focused mostly on blue shrimp using gillnets and small trawling systems. Landings for the small-scale fleet in the Pacific represent almost half the production with the fleets of Sonora and Sinaloa as the biggest contributors.
According to managers, the shrimp resource has been at its maximum sustainable yield in recent years. Current management strategy is composed of a series of measures, including: closed seasons (normally between March and September), designated fishing areas, and restrictions on gear types. These measures as a whole are designed to maintain the reproductive biomass and avoid an increase in the fishing effort. However, some uncertainties related to the status of the stock and the specific effectiveness of the management strategies remain unclear. Similarly, the specific impacts of the drift gillnet and trawl systems on the ecosystem are not well understood. This FIP aims to help to generate information to assess and mitigate potential impacts of the fishery, improve the data to more effectively assess the status of the stocks, and encourage fishers and managers to participate actively in the review of the regulatory framework.
The shrimp fishery is one of the most economically important fisheries in Mexico. Sonora is the largest producer of shrimp from aquaculture and the second-largest producer of wild harvested shrimp in the country.