Prospective FIPs intend to meet the requirements for active FIPs within one year. These projects are posted on FisheryProgress to help users identify opportunities to support developing FIPs and prevent the start of duplicate FIPs. Prospective FIPs are not yet demonstrating progress toward sustainability.
The west coast of the Gulf of California, corresponding to the states of Sinaloa and Sonora in Mexico, is the main source of Mexican swimming crab species on the west coast of the country. Landings mostly comprise of two species: brown swimming crab (Callinectes bellicosus) and blue swimming crab (Callinectes arcuatus). On an annual basis more than 20,000 metric tons are caught in Sinaloa and Sonora, representing 60% of the Mexican swimming crab fishery. Mexican swimming crabs supply an important export market, representing 30.5 million US dollars in 2014.
The Mexican swimming crab fishery has grown at an annual rate of 5.35% in the last 10 years and is of great importance to small-scale fishers. According to Conapesca, in 2014 there were around 1,710 small-scale fishing boats in Sinaloa and Sonora (associated with 172 fishing permits in Sinaloa and 789 fishing permits in Sonora). In this area, the fishery represents more than 5,100 small-scale fishers.
The fishery is regulated by the Mexican Official Rule NOM-039-PESC-2003 and in the Fishery Management Plan published in 2014. These regulations recommend against any increase in fishing effort in Sinaloa and Sonora and include management measures such as fishing closures, minimum legal sizes, restrictions on type and number of fishing gear, and requirements regarding egg-bearing females and type of bait.
The west coast of the Gulf of California, corresponding to the states of Sinaloa and Sonora in Mexico, is the main source of Mexican swimming crab species on the west coast of the country. Landings mostly comprise of two species: brown swimming c