Peruvian anchovy - industrial purse-seine

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Overview

Industrial anchovy landings are used for indirect human consumption. Between the coastal pelagic species of the Northern Humboldt Current System (NHCS), the Peruvian anchovy (Engraulis ringens) is predominant and creates one of the most important single species fisheries worldwide.  The NHCS is an important area of one of the most productive world marine ecosystems, the Humboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystem.  The Humboldt Current extends along the coast of Chile and Peru; the NHCS corresponds to Peru.

In 1955, the first management measures of the Peruvian anchovy stock were set, when establishing a minimum size of 12 cm and a minimum mesh length.  In the 1970s, new measures were drafted related to catch control by means of establishing annual global fishing quotas.

The fishing fleets targeting the Northern-Central stock of anchovy are three, according to their fishing capacity:  There is an artisanal fishing fleet of vessels of less than 10 m3 GRT; a small-scale fishing fleet of vessels of more than 10 m3 GRT and less than 32.6 m3 GRT; and an industrial fishing fleet of vessels larger than 32.6 m3.  Only industrial landings are to be used to produce fishmeal.

Currently, the most important fishery management measures are:

  • Total allowable catches
  • Maximum Allowable Catch per Vessel (industrial fleet)
  • Minimum catch size of 12 cm
  • Minimum mesh size 13 mm – ½”
  • Regulation of the fishing capacity or effort of fishing vessels
  • Time and space closures for the protection of juveniles and the reproductive process
  • Exclusion zone for industrial fishing up to 5 marine miles from the coast
  • Establishing a maximum percentage of bycatch of other species, maximum 5% of the catch.
  • Establishing a Surveillance and Control Program of Marine Fishing and Landing, as well as Satellite Follow Up.

Regarding research, the Peruvian fishery research institute (Instituto del Mar del Perú, IMARPE) dedicates significant financial and human resources to the follow-up and research of this fishery. It benefits from a large data flow, both regarding the Peruvian anchovy stock as well as the group of variables and impacts related to it.  Also, during the last fifty years, industrial vessels have participated from activities related to fishing data collection.

At the time of drafting this report, the main issues regarding sustainability of the fishery are:

  1. It is necessary to demonstrate that the fishery complies with the requirement of attending the needs of the ecosystem.
  2. It is required that harvest control rules in a low biomass scenario are more explicit, as well as the management objectives related to the ecosystem.
  3. It is necessary to address unreported fishing and illegal vessels, which represent a potential danger for the sustainability of the fishery.
  4. It is necessary to achieve a better understanding of the direct impacts of the Unit of Assessment on ETP species and habitats.

Industrial anchovy landings are used for indirect human consumption. Between the coastal pelagic species of the Northern Humboldt Current System (NHCS), the Peruvian anchovy (Engraulis ringens) is predominant and creates one of the most i

FIP Objective(s) 
  • To demonstrate that the management system considers the ecosystem needs by March 2018.
  • To promote improvements in the management system that would allow for explicit catch control rules in the case of low biomass, by March 2020.
  • To organize the available data gathered by the industrial fishing vessels and encourage further technological innovation and development in order to allow for the assessment and monitoring of the ecosystem by March 2020.
  • To promote management improvements and actions to maximize the respect of management rules by the artisanal and small-scale fleet and to improve traceability, while contemplating any selectivity and technological innovation limitations by March 2020.
  • Determining the direct impacts of the fleet on ETP species and other ecosystem components and, if necessary, devise proposals to mitigate them by March 2018.
  • To achieve a certifiable status by March 2020.
FIP Type 
Comprehensive
FIP Stage 
Stage 3: FIP Implementation
Start and Projected End Dates
January, 2017
March, 2020
Species 
Common Name 
Anchoveta
Scientific Name 
Engraulis ringens
Additional Names 
Peruvian anchovy; Peruvian anchoveta; anchoveta peruana
Gear Type 
Purse Seine
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 87 (Pacific, Southeast)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Peru
Volume
FIP Volume 
6,000,000 metric tons
Total Fishery Volume 
6,000,000 metric tons

How is this FIP Doing?

FisheryProgress.org uses 28 industry-standard indicators based on the Marine Stewardship Council Fisheries Standard to track FIP progress. This shows a snapshot of the FIP’s current performance against the indicators using the following scale: Red=below 60, Yellow=60-79, Green=80 or higher, Gray=data not available to score the fishery.
21% 57% 21%
This shows the proportion of actions in the workplan that the FIP has completed.
0%
This shows the proportion of actions that are behind schedule, on track,completed, or not yet started.
Behind On Track Complete Future
0% 100% 0% 0%
This shows the proportion of actions specifically addressing red indicators that are behind schedule, on track, completed, or not yet started. This helps users understand the progress the FIP is making on the biggest challenges in the fishery.
Behind On Track Complete Future
0% 100% 0% 0%
FIP Progress Rating 
C - Some Recent Progress

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
CeDePesca
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Carmen Guerrero
Organization Name 
Sociedad Nacional de Pesquería
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Jorge Risi