PROSPECTIVE Mexico Gulf of California yellowtail, snappers and groupers - hook & line/encircling gillnets

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Overview

What is a Prospective FIP?
Prospective FIPs intend to meet the requirements for active FIPs within one year. These projects are posted on FisheryProgress to help users identify opportunities to support developing FIPs and prevent the start of duplicate FIPs. Prospective FIPs are not yet demonstrating progress toward sustainability.

This FIP focuses on the fishing sector in the Municipality of Mulegé, the largest in the state of BCS (the second largest in all of Mexico) located in the central part of the peninsula of Baja California, confined between the coasts of the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortez (better known like Gulf of California). The latter being a unique semi-enclosed sea, characterized by its high biodiversity and biological productivity, related to the complex bathymetry of the area, the strong winds in winter and the temporarily variable interactions between the productive mass of cold water of the California current and less productive warm mass of tropical waters.

Due to the characteristics (mentioned above) of the region, the Santa Rosalía - Mulegé Corridor fishing is a fundamental activity with a broad tradition reflected in its more than 500 fishermen from its 4 main communities. The fishermen of the region mainly catch finfish with hand lines and nets, octopus with diving, sharks and rays with nets (previously the main fishery was the giant squid).

However, only half of the fishermen are organized in Cooperative Societies and have fishing permits, while the other half work under one or more local permit holders (private companies) or are free fishermen (without permission) who sell their product to the highest bidder, this last group in the absence of support of any kind.

In addition to the above, the absence of reliable information on the fishing effort, fishing gear used, the specific composition of the catches and information on the life history of the species caught, hinder the design and implementation of effective management measures in the area, which limits local efforts to achieve sustainable fishing and access to preferential markets.

Therefore, this project has the objective of promoting in a comprehensive manner the sustainable development of the fishing sector in the Santa Rosalía – Mulegé Corridor through the implementation of a fishing improvement project (FIP) of California yellowtail,  snappers (complex of 5 species) and groupers (complex of 3 species)  in concordance with the criteria of sustainable fishing of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC).

FIP Description 

This FIP focuses on the fishing sector in the Municipality of Mulegé, the largest in the state of BCS (the second largest in all of Mexico) located in the central part of the peninsula of Baja California, confined between the coasts of the Pacific

FIP Type 
Prospective
FIP Stage 
Stage 1: FIP Development
Species 
Common Name 
Yellowtail Amberjack
Scientific Name 
Seriola lalandi
Additional Names 
California yellowtail, Jurel de castilla
Common Name 
Red Snapper
Scientific Name 
Lutjanus peru
Additional Names 
Huachinango
Common Name 
Yellowtail Snapper
Scientific Name 
Lutjanus argentiventris
Additional Names 
Pargo amarillo
Common Name 
Red Snapper
Scientific Name 
Lutjanus guttatus
Additional Names 
Spotted rose snapper, Pargo lunarejo
Common Name 
Gray Snapper
Scientific Name 
Lutjanus novemfasciatus
Additional Names 
Pacific dog snapper, Pargo cenizo
Common Name 
Mangrove Red Snapper
Scientific Name 
Hoplopagrus guentherii
Additional Names 
Mexican barred snapper, Pargo coconaco
Common Name 
Leopard Grouper
Scientific Name 
Mycteroperca rosacea
Additional Names 
Cabrilla sardinera
Common Name 
Spotted Grouper
Scientific Name 
Paralabrax auroguttatus
Additional Names 
Golden spotted sandbass, Cabrilla extranjera, Extranjero, Chano
Common Name 
Gulf Grouper
Scientific Name 
Hyporthodus acanthistius
Additional Names 
Rooster hind, Baqueta
Gear Type 
Gillnet
Hook & Line
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Mexico
Geographic Scope 
Central Gulf of California
Country Flag of Vessel 
Mexico
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FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Ecologists Without Borders
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Jesús Bernardo Sánchez Cota
Enter the public contact information for up to two leaders of the FIP. This information will be displayed on FisheryProgress.org for users who want to contact the FIP.
Expiration Date 
January 2021