Peru jumbo flying squid - jig

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Jumbo squid represents the second biggest fishery in Peru and the most important for artisanal fishers. Over 11 thousand fishers and more than 3 thousand fishing vessels are involved in the fishery, which lands each year around 500 thousand tons of squid. This is a highly selective fishery as all squid jigs are used to catch them one by one. A critical issue that the fishery needs to improve are national regulations related to the fisheries' formalization and given its highly migratory characteristics an international approach should also be sought. It is expected that with the collaboration of all the FIP Participants the fishery can move towards a more sustainable state.

Jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas) is one of the largest (2.5 metres maximum length and 50 kg maximum weight) and the most abundant cephalopod species of the world. Three intraspecific groups have been identified for Giant or Jumbo flying squid (Dosidicus gigas) in the Southeast Pacific, based on size-at-maturity (Nigmatullin et al. 2001), but as no genetic difference has been found between the three proposed sub-unit populations, thus it is still considered to constitute a single stock (Xu et al. 2017). Their abundance and distribution patterns are very sensitive to changes in the environmental conditions and the abundance of its preys. In Peru, the resource is almost exclusively exploited by artisanal fleet who must have a fishing permit to be able to operate in Peruvian waters. The fleet operates with jiggers, a special form of vertical lines mostly used in the fishery for squid. Special squid jiggers (Ripped hooks) are mounted one after the other in a certain distance with a monofilament line. The line weighed down by sinkers can be set up to 200 m depth and is hauled with jerky movements. ( The assessment, monitoring and management measures are not well defined and not provide accurate data to address sustainability issues.

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FIP Description 

Jumbo squid represents the second biggest fishery in Peru and the most important for artisanal fishers.

FIP Objective(s) 


Comprehensive FIP Objective:

The goal of the Peruvian Jumbo Squid FIP is to move the fishery in a step-wise approach towards Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification by the end of 2023.

Basic FIP Objective:


Workplan Improvement area

Time Bound

1.To improve the availability of accurate data to address sustainability issues focusing in a stock assessment methodology and a fleet-based data gathering system

2 and 3


2. Ensure long-term livelihoods of fishing communities and their sustainability through the regularization of the fleet



3. Develop a pre-assessment against MSC standards, set up a public reporting system and design an action plan.

Promote the FIP transition to comprehensive FIP

4 and 5


FIP Type 
FIP Stage 
Stage 4: Improvements in Fishing Practices or Fishery Management
Start and Projected End Dates
February 2018
December 2023
Next Progress Report Due 
Tuesday, November 30, 2021
Common Name 
Jumbo Squid
Scientific Name
Dosidicus gigas
Gear Type 
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 87 (Pacific, Southeast)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Geographic Scope 
Entire country
Country Flag of Vessel 
Regional Fisheries Management Organization
High Seas Name 
Pacific Ocean
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
441,749 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
441,749 metric tons
Landings Date 
December 2020

FIP at a Glance

29% 36% 36%
February 01, 2018
57% 11% 32%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
A Advanced Progress
Actions Complete

This pie chart represents completed environmental actions. Non-completed environmental actions may contain completed sub-tasks that are not illustrated here. For more information on environmental action progress visit the Actions Progress tab.

  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Nov 2021
Target End Date
Dec 2023
Additional Impacts:

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
WWF Peru
Organization Type 
Primary Contact 
Diego Solé
+51 999 510 180
Organization Name 
Organization Type 
Primary Contact 
Wendy Goyert
Organization Name 
Fishing and Aquaculture Committee of the National Industry Society
Organization Type 
Primary Contact 
Darío Alvites
(+511) 442 4351 / 442 2460
FIP Identification Number The FIP Identification Number is automatically generated by FisheryProgress when a FIP profile is created. While the number itself is not meaningful, they are used by NGOs, academia, and industry to refer to FIPs in a consistent way.