Fishery Management Plan and Co-management
Fisheries management is a very important aspect to be empowered. Fisheries management should ensure the quality, diversity guarantees for the next generation in accordance with national ideals. The high demand for crab in the market resulted in massive exploitation in nature so necessary to ensure the optimal management of those resources. Fishery Management Plan for Indonesia Blue Swimming Crab has been legally issued at the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, with number: 70/KEPMEN-KP/2016.
The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) and partners (including APRI) is developing pilot projects to test and implement comprehensive, sub-WPP, multi-stakeholder Blue Swimming Crab (BSC) fishery management. In paralel, APRI and other partners is developing co-management in Central Java, East Java and Southeast Sulawesi.
In Central Java, APRI and SFP facilitated the stakeholders meeting to establish a “BSC Fishery Management Committee in Central Java Province” in February 2017. Participants came from DKP Central Java Province, DKP of District Offices, Fish Quarantine Agency (BKIPM), industry (members of APRI), universities and research centers. The Governor Regulation on Fishery Management for Blue Swimming Crab, Lobster and Mud Crab for Central Java Province has been signed in July 2017 (Governor Regulation of Central Java No. 33 Year 2017). This was followed by the Governor Decree on Establishment of BSC Fishery Management Committee 2017-2022 for the region in November 2017 (Governor of Central Java Decree No. 523/93 Year 2017). This Decree will provide a strong legal basis for the Committee to implement the management plan for Central Java.
At the village level for Central Java, SFP identified LP2RL, a local fishery management committee in Betahwalang village — Lembaga Pengelolaan Perikanan Rajungan Lestari (LP2RL) — facilitated by UNDIP and APRI in late 2013 as a potential local institution to implement co-management of blue swimming crab in the area. LP2RL consists of fishers in Betahwalang as well as religious leaders, local government, universities and industries (using both a bottom up-top down process). Several village fishing regulations have also been established, such as: no fishing in blue swimming crab protected areas; no big vessels (length >5 meters, width >2 m, and engine >2 PK) can operate within 3 km from the coast of Betahwalang village; and no destructive fishing practices (i.e., bombs and chemical fishing). The LP2RL has regular meetings and is supported by Demak’s district government.
In Southeast Sulawesi, APRI, NFI CSE, and SFP had meeting with the Southeast Sulawesi Fishery Office in late 2016 to discuss the need to establish a committee for BSC Fishery Management. Southeast Sulawesi already has a 'Data Management Committee' established under USAID/IMACS project so a BSC Fishery Management Committee would expand the existing committee. The stakeholders agreed to continue working towards establishing Blue Swimming Crab Fishery Management Committee in Southeast Sulawesi Province.
As follow up, the Stakeholders Consultation was conducted in March 2017. This workshop was attended by APRI, NFI CSE, SFP, University of Haluoleo, Fishery Office of South East Sulawesi Province, Fishery Offices of Bombana District, West Muna District, Muna District, and South Konawe District, Quarantine Department (BKIPM), miniplant owners (from Kendari, Muna, Pajala, Bangko, and Gala), industries (PT. Bumi Menara Internusa) and the Fishing Port Department. Outputs of the workshop were: draft a Governor’s Decree for the sustainable management of blue swimming crab in the Southeast Sulawesi Province and Action Plans. In June 2017, the Governor Decree on the Establishment of the BSC Fishery Management Committee of Southeast Sulawesi Province has been signed (Governor of Southeast Sulawesi Decree No. 289 Year 2017).
In East Java, APRI and SFP helped facilitate a stakeholder workshop in Surabaya in late December 2016. The purpose of this workshop was to establish a Blue Swimming Crab Fishery Management Committee for the East Javan Province and prepare an action plan for collaborative management in the region. A key output of the meeting was the draft of a Governor Decree for a BSC Fishery Management Committee, similar to what was drafted for Central Java. The draft is now in the provincial Governor’s office.
June 2018 Update:
On February 27, 2018 at the Mina Bahari I Building, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries held an Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab National Coordination Meeting which was officially opened and chaired by the Secretary General of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF), Ir. Rifky Effendi Hardjianto together with the Director General of Capture Fisheries and Director General of Strengthening Product Competitiveness. The meeting was attended by 110 participants consisting of Central Government (Head of Planning Bureau, Director of Processing and Quality Development, Directorate General of Aquaculture and related sub-directorates in KKP), Head of Jepara Brackish Water Aquaculture Center (BBPBAP), Marine Fisheries Service Provincial (Central Java, Lampung, East Java and Southeast Sulawesi), universities, industry (APRI - Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab Association and APRI member companies), NGOs, and fishermen representatives.
The meeting participants agreed to make the blue swimming crab as one of the superior commodities that must be developed in an integrated involving all stakeholders both at the central and regional levels, considering the achievement of export value in 2017 of USD 308 million placed blue swimming crab as the third commodities of fishery product exports
The development of blue swimming crab fisheries will be carried out through the Fisheries Improvement Program (FIP) approach that has been designed and launched by the Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab Association (APRI) since 2007 and is necessary to be further developed with the full support of the government and the international community for providing positive impact in improving the socio-economic of the fishing community, especially small fishermen and foreign exchange earnings.
The government views the needs to formulate an "umbrella program" of blue swimming crab fisheries at the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries by involving work units related to the scope of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries as well as the Regional Government that produces blue swimming crab. The umbrella program must have been compiled starting in 2018, and will be carried out in 2019. The preparation of the umbrella program for the blue swimming crab fisheries will be followed up and coordinated by the Secretary General of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries until the development of the blue swimming crab fisheries development program that is responsible in 2018 and its implementation begins at Year 2019. This "Umbrella Program" is expected to accelerate the implementation of the blue swimming crab National Fisheries Management Plan (RPP) which is set by the Decree of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia Number 70 / Kepmen-KP / 2016 concerning Management Plan for Blue Swimming Crab in the Fisheries Management Area of Republic Indonesia.
January 2019 Update :
In 2018 APRI continues to be committed to creating sustainable crab fisheries. One of the efforts made is to build understanding with stakeholders of the Indonesian crab fisheries. The meeting to develop an understanding of the regulations that apply to the crab fisheries in Indonesia is conducted in Semarang on December 4, 2018. This meeting aims to increase the understanding of stakeholders towards applicable regulations, especially the Central Java Governor regulation number 523/93 years 2017 and follow up the blue swimming crab management that has been done in Central Java Province. APRI represented by Dr. Hawis Madduppa as executive director of APRI and Mr. Bambang Arif Nugraha as the Secretary General of the APRI was given the opportunity to be a resource person.
|Tasks||Expected Completion Date||Status||Results|
|develop and implement agreed action plans||07/2020|
|Conducts meeting at national provincial, district and village levels||07/2020|