PROSPECTIVE Mexico Oaxaca artisanal skipjack and blackfin tuna - handline

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Overview

What is a Prospective FIP?
Prospective FIPs intend to meet the requirements for active FIPs within one year. These projects are posted on FisheryProgress to help users identify opportunities to support developing FIPs and prevent the start of duplicate FIPs. Prospective FIPs are not yet demonstrating progress toward sustainability.

The artisanal skipjacks - handline FIP has been established by an alliance that includes the Punta Sacrificio cooperative, SmartFish Rescate de Valor AC, and Fondo Oaxaqueño for the Conservation of Nature (FOCN) with the participation of Comercializadora HealthyFish (buyer), Comité Oaxaqueño de Sanidad e Inocuidad Acuícola (COSIA),  federal fisheries authorities [Comisión Nacional de Acuacultura and Pesca (CONAPESCA), the Regional Center for Fisheries Research (CRIP) of Salina Cruz and the Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad and Calidad Agroalimentaria, (SENASICA), the state of Oaxaca agriculture and fisheries ministry (Secretaría de Desarrollo Agropecuario, Pesca and Acuacultura, (SEDAPA)], and the Municipality of San Pedro; and the academic institution, Technological Institutes of Salina Cruz and of Pochutla.

Tuna is one of Mexico´s, most important fisheries in terms of commercial value and volume, together with the shrimp and sardine fisheries (Hall et al., 1992). Tuna fisheries in Mexico are consolidated as one fishery denominated “túnidos”, whose management is driven mainly by the yellowfin and bigeye tunas (Thunnus albacares, Thunnus obesus) which are targeted by the industrial purse seiner fleet (CONAPESCA 2018. Skipjack tuna and black skipjack (Euthynnus lineatus and Katsuwonus pelamis) are considered associated species of this tuna fishery. Although Mexican legislation includes some long-term goals for K. pelamis, the skipjack fisheries lack a management strategy. The current status of the skipjack populations and the impact of the fishery on the habitat and associated species are unknown due to the lack of reliable data. The fishery does not have a harvest strategy or specific objectives.

For coastal communities in the southwestern state of Oaxaca, fishing is a very important source of income and of protein. Coastal Oaxaca has a regionally important small-scale handline tuna fishery which is centered in the municipality of San Pedro Pochutla (Ortega-García et al., 1996; DOF 2012; CIAT 2015). This fleet harvests skipjacks throughout the year. E. lineatus is probably the most abundant Scombridae species on the Oaxacan coast (Ramos-Carrillo et al., 2011) and Pochutla is the most important small-scale producer of skipjack at the national level (DOF 2012). Very limited value is added to harvests locally and as part of the FIP activities, the cooperatives will receive support to improve quality, add value, and transition to more formal market segments that compensate for their fishery management efforts. The goals of the FIP are to (i) generate information about the Oaxacan skipjacks fishery and its interactions with the ecosystem, in order to inform sustainable management measures and (ii) increase the benefits of the fishery to the local community.

The project aims to deliver the following by 2027:

  1. Strengthen harvest reporting and monitoring systems to improve the availability and accuracy of data on landings, and on retained, and bycatch species.
  2. Collaborate with Mexican government fisheries institutions (SEDAPA, INAPESCA, CONAPESCA), to develop and implement policies for the sustainable management of skipjack fisheries in Puerto Angel, for example, through Catch Control Rules and specific objectives.
  3. Ensure the traceability of the harvest from producers participating in the FIP.
  4. Improve governance and decision-making process for the management of the fishery.
  5. Improve the visibility of the role women play in the fishery and increase their opportunities to benefit from post-harvest activities.
  6. Set the groundwork for the Puerto Angel cooperatives to obtain the Fair Trade Certification.
FIP Description 

The artisanal skipjacks - handline FIP has been established by an alliance that includes the Punta Sacrificio cooperative, SmartFish Rescate de Valor AC, and Fondo Oaxaqueño for the Conservation of Nature (FOCN) with the participation of Comercial

FIP Type 
Prospective
FIP Stage 
Stage 1: FIP Development
Species 
Common Name 
Skipjack Tuna
Scientific Name
Katsuwonus pelamis
Common Name 
Blackfin Tuna
Scientific Name
Euthynnus lineatus
Gear Type 
Handline
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Mexico
Geographic Scope 
Coastal waters of Oaxaca in front of Puerto Angel in the Mexican Pacific
Regional Fisheries Management Organization
IATTC
High Seas Name 
Pacific Ocean
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FIP Leads

Organization Name 
SmartFish Rescate de Valor, AC
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Yuliesky Garcés Rodríguez
Phone 
+526121488553
Organization Name 
Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza A.C
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Francisco Rincón-Gallardo Elguero
FIP Identification Number The FIP Identification Number is automatically generated by FisheryProgress when a FIP profile is created. While the number itself is not meaningful, they are used by NGOs, academia, and industry to refer to FIPs in a consistent way.
18133
Expiration Date 
May 2023