PROSPECTIVE China Fujian Zhangzhou red swimming crab - bottom trawl & pot/trap

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Overview

China’s Fujian Province is the leading fishing region in China for a ‘red swimming crab species group’ (RSC) comprised of red swimming crab (Portunus haanii) and three-spot (or red-spot) swimming crab (Portunus sanguinolentus). On an annual basis approximate over 40,000 metric tons of RSC is caught here, most of which is processed in Zhangzhou. RSC is not only commercially important in China, but also supplies an important export market of crabmeat, much of which is imported by the United States in the form of canned crab. The Fujian Zhangzhou Red Swimming Crab FIP, comprised of over 1,000 bottom trawl and pot vessels, takes place on the Minnan-Taiwan Bank fishing grounds and is subject to a summer fishery closure common to all Chinese coastal areas. This closure attempts to protect fish stocks during the summer season, which is the general spawning and growth period for most economically important species. For the RSC fishery, the current lack of several key approaches—i.e., science based stock assessments, the implementation of a minimum harvestable size limit, and maximum sustainable yield (MSY) fishery management strategies—represents a serious risk to the fishery as little is known about the actual stock status of target species. Since 2012, many processors have found that large crabs reaching processable size, those with a carapace width of 8 cm or greater, have been decreasing in numbers. It’s estimated undersized crabs might account for as high as 80% of harvest.

China’s Fujian Province is the leading fishing region in China for a ‘red swimming crab species group’ (RSC) comprised of red swimming crab (Portunus haanii) and three-spot (or red-spot) swimming crab (Portunus sangu

FIP Type 
Prospective
FIP Stage 
Stage 1: FIP Development
Start and Projected End Dates
July, 2016
December, 2023
Species 
Common Name 
Warty Swimming Crab
Scientific Name 
Portunus haanii
Additional Names 
Red Swimming Crab
Common Name 
Three Spot Swimming Crab
Scientific Name 
Portunus sanguinolentus
Gear Type 
Bottom Trawl
Pot/Trap
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 61 (Pacific, Northwest)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
China
Country Flag of Vessel 
China
Regional Fisheries Management Organization
High Seas Name 
Pacific Ocean
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FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Ocean Outcomes
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Songling Wang, China Program Director
Phone 
+86 186 1107 1168
Organization Name 
National Fisheries Institute (NFI)
Organization Type 
Other
Primary Contact 
Ian Chen
Organization Name 
China Aquatic Products Processing and Marketing (CAPPMA)
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
He Cui
Organization Name 
Zhangzhou Aquatic Products Processing and Marketing Association (ZAPPMA)
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Baoyi Yang
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