Odyssey Enterprises (Seattle) leads a fishery improvement project (FIP) for Barents Sea crab. Snow and red king rabs are invasive species in the Barents Sea ecosystem and were introduced after 1965. Today these species are harvested commercially in Russia and Norway by vessels utilizing traps (crab pots). The purpose of the improvements is to raise the Barents Sea crab fisheries to the MSC standard.
Overview of the Status of the Crab Fisheries in the Barents Sea
Norway and Russia manage fisheries for snow crab and red king crab as sedentary species within their respective economical zone. The two countries have a history of cooperating on fishery science and management back to 2005-7 agreements to establish common principles of management of a new biological resource. In Norway, snow crab is fished under quota and in some regions as an invasive species with unrestricted fishing. In Russia, both species crab are fished with rational harvesting of the stock. Quota landings based on Maximum Sustainable Yield are enforced, meaning the fisheries are managed by harvest control tools.
Odyssey Enterprises (Seattle) leads a fishery improvement project (FIP) for Barents Sea crab.
The FIP objectives are the management of snow crab with MSY-based quota landings in Norway and Russia and collaboration to contain the ecosystem impacts of invasive crab, by 2022, among other requirements to meet the MSC standard. The king crab fishery became MSC certified in February 2018.