Chile common hake - bottom trawl

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Overview

Chilean common hake (Merluccius gayi gayi) is a demersal species inhabiting Chilean waters.  The Chilean common hake fishery takes place between the northern boundary of the IV Region and parallel 41°28.6' S in the X Region.  The fishery has two sub-units, given that it is exploited by two fleets: the artisanal and the industrial.  The most recent stock assessments for Chilean common hake show the resource is overexploited with a spawning biomass level of 25% with respect to the virgin level. The analysis of status shows a mild and progressive recovery of the resource, explained by a significant drop in the annual quotas of from the year 2006. This process of recovery is confirmed by an improvement in the relative to the average sizes in the catches and in the catches industrial fishing yields. In the same way, the direct assessment cruise carried out in August of 2017 shows slight signs of recovery.

The Chilean common hake FIP was publicly announced in May 2012, and is being led by the fishing industry association, SONAPESCA, and CeDePesca. 

Currently, this FIP aims to promote the adoption of a recovery plan for the fishery with clear goals, timeframes, and harvest rules in line with the recently ammended Chilean Fisheries Law.  It also aims at minimizing - and eventually eliminating - practices such as underreporting and illegal trade, which have been identified as an issue by authorities and stakeholders within the artisanal sector.  Curbing or eliminating these practices would have a direct impact on the status of the stock. In addition, the FIP is encouraging research to help properly understand the impacts of this trawling fishery on other elements of the ecosystem in order to establish its level of impact and to design practical measures to mitigate it, if deemed necessary.

Certain FIP goals have already been accomplished and include:

  • Promoting consolidation of the stock assessment model after the international peer review took place.
  • Encouraging authorities to establish the TAC in accordance with scientific recommendations.
  • Promoting the start of data collection activities regarding the fishery impacts over the seabed and on other ecosystem components.

In 2015 the Scientific Technical Committee indicated that the resource in the area of the fishery unit is depleted or collapsed (BD<BDLimite) with a spawning biomass level of 14% to 18% above virgin level. Meanwhile, in 2018, the Committee indicated that the resource is overexploited with a spawning biomass level of 25% with respect to the virginal level. The status analysis shows a slight and progressive recovery of the resource, explained by a significant decrease in the annual catch quotas as of 2006.

To read more about this FIP progress, please visit CeDePesca's Chilean Common hake FIP Public report (updated quaterly).

 

FIP Description 

Chilean common hake (Merluccius gayi gayi) is a demersal species inhabiting Chilean waters.  The Chilean common hake fishery takes place between the northern boundary of the IV Region and parallel 41°28.6' S in the X Region.  The fishery

FIP Objective(s) 
  • To Adopt and implement a management plan for the fishery with clear objectives, timelines and catch rules that allow the stock to move towards the target biological reference point by April 2018.
  • To minimize, and eventually eliminate, under-reported fishing and illegal trade of hake in the artisanal portion of the fishery by April 2022.
  • To continue to understand and, if necessary, mitigate the impacts of the fishery on the ecosystem by April 2020.
  • To achieve an MSC certifiable status and enter full assessment by April 2022.
FIP Type 
Comprehensive
FIP Stage 
Stage 4: Improvements in Fishing Practices or Fishery Management
Start and Projected End Dates
May 2012
December 2022
Next Progress Report Due 
Monday, March 30, 2020
Species 
Common Name 
Pacific Hake
Scientific Name 
Merluccius gayi gayi
Additional Names 
South Pacific hake, Chilean common hake, merluza común chilena, merluza chilena
Gear Type 
Bottom Trawl
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 87 (Pacific, Southeast)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Chile
Geographic Scope 
From the region of Coquimbo to 41º 28,6' South Latitude
Regional Fisheries Management Organization
Volume
FIP Volume 
13,800 metric tons
PrintPDF

FIP at a Glance

4% 29% 68%
May 01, 2012
57% 43%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including FisheryProgress.org, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
A Advanced Progress
Actions Complete
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Mar 2020
Target End Date
Dec 2022
Some FIPs include objectives that go beyond the 28 indicators. Clicking on the links below will provide additional detail on other impacts the FIP is working to achieve.

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
CeDePesca
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Claudio Barrientos
Phone 
+56 9 98481463
Organization Name 
SONAPESCA
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Héctor Bacigalupo
Enter the public contact information for the leader of the FIP. This information will be displayed on FisheryProgress.org for users who want to contact the FIP.