Ecuador Gulf of Guayaquil titi shrimp - bottom trawl

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Overview

Titi shrimp (Protrachypene precipua) is a tropical species that inhabits the Eastern Pacific Ocean from Nicaragua to Ecuador. Titi shrimp distribution in Ecuador, particularly in the Gulf of Guayaquil, varies depending on the season with a considerable migration in different stages of its lifecycle through the estuaries and surrounding waters. 

The industrial titi shrimp fishery in Ecuador started in the 1960s in the Gulf of Guayaquil using bottom-trawl nets. Since then, the titi shrimp fishery has supported the livelihoods of thousands of Ecuadorians that participate in different parts of the supply chain, including fishing, processing and export. The industrial fleet reached the maximum number of vessels in 1980 with 74. Since then, the fleet has diminished to reach the current effort with 39 authorized vessels.

According to the National Fisheries Institute, the landings of titi shrimp averaged 6.5 thousand metric tons per year in the 2007-2019 period with a minimum of 5.9 thousand in 2007 and a maximum of 7 thousand tons registered in 2010. It is estimated that the industrial titi shrimp fishery generates an annual income of 4.5-5 million dollars and operative revenues of 1 million for the fleet thanks to the export to USA and EU markets of 75% of the landings.

Since 2000, The industrial fishery has some management measures including a closed season, a geographic division for the authorized fleets, a daily allowed capture and the mandatory use of Turtle Excluder Devices (TED). The industrial fishery is also monitored through a Vessel Monitoring System and a network of fisheries inspectors deployed in the main landing ports. Additionally, the National Fisheries Institute keeps fishery-related historic data and, since 2013, the fleet participates in an onboard observers’ program.

Despite its economic importance, there is not enough information available related to the species biology or the fishery in general (e.g. not all the fishing mortality is well known). In addition, the current management scheme lacks of several elements that could benefit the target species and the environment.  Finally, a combination of weak international markets and the increasing producing costs, difficult the design and implementation of a harvest strategy and the correspondent control rules aimed at recovering the stocks to sustainable levels, mitigating the fishery environmental impacts and satisfying the increasing demands for social and environmental responsibility in the markets.

FIP Description 

Titi shrimp (Protrachypene precipua) is a tropical species that inhabits the Eastern Pacific Ocean from Nicaragua to Ecuador.

FIP Objective(s) 

FIP Goal:

The goal of the Ecuador titi shrimp – bottom trawl FIP is to strengthen the harvest strategy, related harvest control rules and the management system to reach, for the fall of 2024, a minimum score of 60-79 for all the principles performance indicators for the MSC Standard.

Project outcomes for 2024 are:

  • To establish a fishery monitoring and data collection program to document and evaluate the fishery impacts to biodiversity.
  • To develop a management strategy to mitigate the fishery impacts on secondary and PET species.
  • To promote, the development and publication of a robust and comprehensive stock assessment for the three target species.
  • To Promote, the development and implementation of a harvest strategy and control rules for the fishery.
  • To promote updates to the national fishery regulatory to meet the sustainability standards internationally accepted.
FIP Type 
Basic
FIP Stage 
Stage 2: FIP Launch
Start and Projected End Dates
June 2020
December 2024
Next Progress Report Due 
Thursday, December 31, 2020
Species 
Common Name 
Titi Shrimp
Scientific Name 
Protrachypene precipua
Additional Names 
Camarón Pomada
Gear Type 
Bottom Trawl
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 87 (Pacific, Southeast)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Ecuador
Geographic Scope 
Gulf of Guayaquil, Ecuador
Country Flag of Vessel 
Ecuador
Landings
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
2,600 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
6,500 metric tons
Landings Date 
March 2019
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FIP at a Glance

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June 01, 2020
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Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including FisheryProgress.org, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
Not yet available
Actions Complete
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Dec 2020
Target End Date
Dec 2024

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
NATLUK S.A.
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Veronica Dahik
Enter the public contact information for up to two leaders of the FIP. This information will be displayed on FisheryProgress.org for users who want to contact the FIP.