Mexico El Rosario finfish - trap/handline

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The Cooperative Ensenada is located on the west coast of the state of Baja California (BC) and has been active since 1940. Currently, this cooperative has 84 members and 159 people employed in the processing plant (129 men and 30 women) and has two concessions: abalone and red lobster. This cooperative serves the local and global market, under social responsibility (with the members of the Cooperative, their families and the rural community of El Rosario) and a deep commitment to the species they sell, respecting the closures and quotas. Likewise, the members of this cooperative are leaders in the repopulation and conservation programs of banks of particular species, operating with an adequate combination of performance and value. The cooperative Ensenada has 3 main fishing fields: Punta Baja, La Lobera and Faro de San Jose.

The finfish fisheries in El Rosario, BC, are multi-specific and use multiple gears the most used are handlines and traps. Two of the most selective fishing gears that have a minimal impact on the habitats where it is used, however, this fishery can target a wide variety of fish, with very different life-history characteristics. The fishermen from the cooperative Ensenada are aware of the high pressure being exerted to the main species captured Ocean whitefish (C. princeps), California sheephead (Semicossyphus pulcher), barred sand bass (P. nebulifer), starry rockfish (Sebastes constellatus) and vermilion rockfish (S. miniatus), in the BC peninsula in the last years and they are interested in developing a sustainable fishery to set an example in the region. Commercial harvest for these groups of fishes is conducted in small vessels using different fishing gears, hook and lines with live bait (sardine and mackerel) and traps in open seas and areas near the coast.

Unfortunately, there is a lack of biological and fishery information for this fishery in Mexico. In the National Fishery Chart (INAPESCA, 2010) the above-mentioned species are classified as coastal finfish. This group is composed of a large diversity of species, with different life cycles, including those that inhabit the coast and lagoons up to the border of the external continental shelf which can reach near 200 meters depth. This group is managed without short and long-term species-specific objectives. For this reason, the cooperative Ensenada approached Comunidad y Biodiversidad, A. C. (COBI) to ask for guidance on how to reach international fishery standards, in order to continue with the good practices applied and the sustainable use of the marine resources.

This FIP is going to a Comprehensive (2020-2024).

FIP Description 

The Cooperative Ensenada is located on the west coast of the state of Baja California (BC) and has been active since 1940.

FIP Objective(s) 

The objective of this FIP is to generate biological and population information of the five species of this FIP: Ocean whitefish, California sheephead, Barred sand bass, and Starry and Vermilion rockfish, to propose management strategies to transform the management of artisanal trap and handline fishery in El Rosario, Baja California, through the implementation of all 28 indicators of the sustainable fishing standard MSC, and achieve certification of this fishery by 2024.

Specifically, the FIP aims to achieve the following by 2024:

• Generate basic information of the fishery by monitoring the fishing logbooks (January-December, 2020-2024).

• Generate information of the population of the five FIP species (stock assessment, fishery reference points, ECOPATH analysis, PSA, reproductive cycle) (January 2020-December 2021).

• Promote the development of regulations of specific harvest strategies in the species of the finfish fishery (January 2022- December 2024).

• Create a route (process paths) of action to promote the generation and/or mobilization of legal instruments (FMP, NOM, regulations, etc.) to generate political changes (April 2021-December 2024).

• Design and promote a monitor compliance system in the fishing cooperative (October 2022-December 2024).

FIP Type 
FIP Stage 
Stage 5: Improvements on the Water
Start and Projected End Dates
December 2017
December 2024
Next Progress Report Due 
Tuesday, November 30, 2021
Common Name 
Ocean Whitefish
Scientific Name
Caulolatilus princeps
Common Name 
California Sheephead
Scientific Name
Semicossyphus pulcher
Common Name 
Barred Sand Bass
Scientific Name
Paralabrax nebulifer
Common Name 
Vermillion Rockfish
Scientific Name
Sebastes miniatus
Common Name 
Red Rockfish
Scientific Name
Sebastes constellatus
Gear Type 
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Geographic Scope 
El Rosario (Baja California)
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
35 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
1,023 metric tons

FIP at a Glance

25% 21% 54%
December 01, 2017
50% 25% 25%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
A Advanced Progress
Actions Complete

This pie chart represents completed environmental actions. Non-completed environmental actions may contain completed sub-tasks that are not illustrated here. For more information on environmental action progress visit the Actions Progress tab.

  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Nov 2021
Target End Date
Dec 2024
Additional Impacts:

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Comunidad y Biodiversidad, A.C.
Organization Type 
Primary Contact 
Alesa Flores
+52 622 222 49 90
FIP Identification Number The FIP Identification Number is automatically generated by FisheryProgress when a FIP profile is created. While the number itself is not meaningful, they are used by NGOs, academia, and industry to refer to FIPs in a consistent way.