Gulf of California swimming crab - pot/trap/ring net

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Overview

The Gulf of California swimming crab FIP started in 2009 under the coordination of the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP). The FIP coordination and leadership was transferred to the industry in January 2015. All of the activities, improvements, and achievements during that period were reported on SFP’s website and a summary can be downloaded here.

Mexico is the main Latin American country exporting swimming crab products to international markets. Between 2006 and 2013, Mexico exported an annual average of 2.6 thousand metric tons of swimming crab products, with an average value of 22.1 million dollars. During that same period of time, Mexico exported an annual average of 1.1 thousand tons of crabmeat with an average value of 19 million dollars to the US market.

Mexico has an annual average production of 23 thousand metric tons with a beach value of US 17 million dollars and during the past ten years, the fishery has presented an annual growth rate of 3.8%. This ranks the fishery tenth on landings and twelfth on economic value.

The Pacific coast of Mexico produces 63% of the national landings - of that percentage the Gulf of California landings makeup 60%. Sinoloa and Sonora states stand out as the main producers in the country

The swimming crab fishery in the Gulf of California is of great importance to small-scale fishers in the months before and after the shrimp fishery’s peak (September to November). An estimated total of 2,193 small-scale fishing boats, including 4,400 fishers and 139 fishing permits, are active in the Gulf of California.

The fishery is regulated by the Mexican Official Standard NOM-039-PESC-2003, which includes minimum legal size requirements and restrictions on fishing gear (type and number/vessel), egg bearing females, and type of bait. The Standard also controls the total amount of fishing gear in the main production states (70,800 in Sinaloa, 43,600 in Sonora, and 8,000 in Baja California Sur). For the rest of the states (Baja California, Nayarit, and Jalisco) the restriction on fishing gear depends on the technical opinion of the National Fisheries Institute (INAPESCA).

Since 2013, there has also been a Fishery Closure which runs from May 1 to July 10 every year to protect reproduction and recruitment. Finally, in 2014 the fisheries authority published the Fishery Management Plan. INAPESCA states the fishery is as at maximum sustainable yield (MSY) and recommends against any increase in fishing effort in Sinaloa, Sonora and Baja California Sur. There are possibilities of incremental fishing effort for the rest of the Pacific coast states.

 

The Gulf of California swimming crab FIP started in 2009 under the coordination of the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP). The FIP coordination and leadership was transferred to the industry in January 2015.

FIP Objective(s) 

By the summer of 2020, the FIP aims to:

  • Achieve management performance in accordance with the MSC indicators for sustainable fisheries
  • Have a system in place for the continuous assessment of the crab populations targeted by the fishery
  • Have a system in place for the continuous monitoring and assessment of the fishery environmental impacts
  • Achieve full compliance of the swimming crab supply chain with fishery regulations
FIP Type 
Basic
FIP Stage 
Stage 4: Improvements in Fishing Practices or Fishery Management
Start and Projected End Dates
August, 2010
October, 2020
Species 
Common Name 
Brown Crab
Scientific Name 
Callinectes bellicosus
Additional Names 
Warrior swimcrab, warrior swimming crab, Cortez swimming crab, jaiba café
Common Name 
Blue Crab
Scientific Name 
Callinectes arcuatus
Additional Names 
Cuata swimcrab, Arched swimming crab, jaiba azul
Gear Type 
Pot/Trap
Ring Net
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Mexico
Additional Attributes 
Gulf of California on the shores and estauries Sinaloa and Sonora States
Volume
FIP Volume 
5,000 metric tons
Total Fishery Volume 
12,000 metric tons

How is this FIP Doing?

FisheryProgress.org uses 28 industry-standard indicators based on the Marine Stewardship Council Fisheries Standard to track FIP progress. Comprehensive FIPs must address all red and yellow indicators, while basic FIPs may address only a subset of indicators.

The first bar below shows a snapshot of the FIP’s current performance against the indicators. The second bar below shows the FIP’s performance against the indicators when it started so you can see how much progress the FIP has made over time. Both bars use the following scale: Red=below 60, Yellow=60-79, Green=80 or higher, Gray=the subset of indicators a basic FIP is not addressing.

38% 62%
Basic FIPs may focus their workplans on a subset of the indicators. This shows the proportion of total indicators the FIP is working on.
75%  
This shows the proportion of actions in the workplan that the FIP has completed.
0%
This shows the proportion of actions that are behind schedule, on track,completed, or not yet started.
Behind On Track Complete Future
0% 0% 0% 100%
FIP Progress Rating 
E - Negligible Progress

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Ocean Technology Inc.
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Ed Dixon
Organization Name 
Desarrollo Integral de Jaiba de Mexico
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Yesica Hernández Rubio
Phone 
+52 668 8171757
Organization Name 
Pesca Responsable y Comercio Justo
Organization Type 
Consultant
Primary Contact 
Juan Manuel Garcia Caudillo
Phone 
+52 6461208525