Indonesia Aru and Arafura demersal fish - longline

Primary tabs


The Aru and Arafura Seas snapper, grouper, and demersal species FIP was established in May 2012. The FIP involves 46 bottom longline vessels. Some additional context and history of this FIP's efforts can be viewed the FIP's website, as well as FishSource.

The FIP supports and contributes to the development, improvement, traceability and sustainability of the snapper-grouper and demersal fisheries industry in Indonesia by: promoting traceability, improving the availability of accurate data on catches retained and bycatch, and collaborating with other institutions working on the fisheries issues in the country. This includes working together to improve the management and policy for sustainable fisheries.


The distribution of snapper (kakap merah) and grouper (kerapu) in Indonesia covers the vast area of the archipelago, with Aru and the Arafura Seas being the major fishing grounds for snapper and deeper water grouper species. Data from the Indonesian Capture Fisheries Statistics show that in 2007, kakapmerah from these waters contributed to more than 30% of the total catch, with 35,112 metric tonnes being landed (MMAF 2009). The total landing of snapper in Indonesia was 116,994 metric tonnes in 2007. The other important fishing grounds for snapper are in the Karimata Strait, the Natuna Sea, and the South China Sea, which contributed 13.9% of the total catch, followed by Tolo Bay and the Banda Sea (11.8%), Java Sea (10.5%) and the Makassar Strait, Bone Bay, the Flores Sea and the Bali Sea (8.1%).

Snappers, grouper, and other demersal are the target fisheries for traditional, small-scale, and semi-industrial fisheries. The traditional fishing trips normal last one day, while the small-scale to semi-industrial fishing trips can last for days to weeks, and target other demersal species.


FIP Description 

The Aru and Arafura Seas snapper, grouper, and demersal species FIP was established in May 2012. The FIP involves 46 bottom longline vessels.

FIP Objective(s) 
  1. Ensure that the origins for 100% of catch of snapper, grouper, and other demersal products purchased are well-known and are all coming from legal fisheries and supply chains by July 2022.
  2. Improve the harvest data recording through logbooks to support the development of the fisheries management plan in Aru and Arafura Seas by July 2022.
  3. Support and advocate for an improved Labor Standard in the fishery sector by June 2022.
FIP Type 
FIP Stage 
Stage 4: Improvements in Fishing Practices or Fishery Management
Start and Projected End Dates
May 2012
July 2022
Next Progress Report Due 
Thursday, May 28, 2020
Common Name 
Malabar Snapper
Scientific Name 
Lutjanus malabaricus
Common Name 
Crimson Snapper
Scientific Name 
Lutjanus erythropterus
Common Name 
Emperor Snapper
Scientific Name 
Lutjanus sebae
Common Name 
Goldband Snapper
Scientific Name 
Pristipomoides multidens
Common Name 
Spotted Grouper
Scientific Name 
Epinephelus coioides
Common Name 
Areolate Grouper
Scientific Name 
Epinephelus areolatus
Common Name 
Duskytail Grouper
Scientific Name 
Epinephelus bleekeri
Common Name 
Grass Emperor
Scientific Name 
Lethrinus spp.
Common Name 
Scientific Name 
Rachycentron canadum
Common Name 
Painted Sweetlip
Scientific Name 
Diagramma pictum
Common Name 
Blackspotted Croaker
Scientific Name 
Protonibea diacanthus
Common Name 
Blackmouth Croaker
Scientific Name 
Atrobucca nibe
Gear Type 
Bottom Longline
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 71 (Pacific, Western Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Geographic Scope 
Aru and Arafura Seas
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
35,098 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
2,160,346 metric tons

FIP at a Glance

4% 7% 89%
May 01, 2012
4% 7% 89%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
B Good Progress
Actions Complete
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
May 2020
Target End Date
Jul 2022

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
PT Inti Lautan Fajar Abadi
Organization Type 
Primary Contact 
Geerry Richard Kosasih
+62 812 171 799 66
Enter the public contact information for up to two leaders of the FIP. This information will be displayed on for users who want to contact the FIP.