Fishing of shrimp and prawns is mostly conducted with two methods - through passive gear like gillnets and trammel nets, and active gears such as lampara. Since the establishment of PERMEN KP (Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Regulation) No. 2/2015 mandating a trawl and seine net ban in WWP-RI (Indonesia Fisheries Management Area), fishermen have tended to use gillnets and trammel nets to capture shrimp. However, lampara and danish seine are still employed to harvest shrimp. The catch target for trammel net and trawl are also different. Trammel net targets white prawn and spot prawn while lampara nets target rainbow prawn and other smaller prawns.
The company PT Sekar Laut TBK is working towards achieving one of it’s guiding principles of “Assisting Indonesia to process natural resources that abound with the aim of providing healthy nutritious food and quality”, by improving their suppliers' fishing practices. The company, which focuses on the manufacturing of shrimp crackers, registered shrimp as a commodity for which it would like to achieve Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification. This effort demonstrates that PT Sekar Laut TBK wishes to process natural resources in Indonesia by implementing a sustainable and responsible shrimp harvesting practices.
The fishermen in Kotabaru who harvest shrimp for shrimp cracker products (krupuk) do not focus on one target. At least two kinds of shrimp are targetted by fishermen - white prawn (Penaeus merguiensis) and spot prawn (Metapenaeus brevicornis) caught using trammel net on a vessel often operated by two people.
MSC-certification requires a fishery to address 3 principles: sustainable fish stock, minimizing environmental impacts and effective management. The assessment for the shrimp fishery in Kotabaru indicates there is work to be done to address the lack of data for shrimp stock status and to improve regulations for fisheries management.
In mid 2019 this FIP become inactive as the previous Pre Assessment and was not conducted by CAB or MSC Technical Consultant. Hence the activities were on hold in the field. In the same year, there was MSC Fish For Good Project started in Indonesia, supporting several fisheries in Indonesia and this fishery got selected to be included. The FFG supports the Pre Assessment conducted by Bio-Inspecta in 2019 - 2020 and the development of workplan facilitated by WWF Indonesia in 2020 - 2021. Within the process, its agreed that Sekar Laut is the FIP lead and this profile need to be re-activate as now there are more stakeholders participated in the process.
Fishing of shrimp and prawns is mostly conducted with two methods - through passive gear like gillnets and trammel nets, and active gears such as lampara.
Meet the MSC Standard and achieve MSC certification by July 2026 or sooner
- Minimize the shrimp fishery's impact on the environment
- Promote full compliance with fishery regulations
- Promote transparency of information on stock status and traceability
- Strengthen community-based management systems
FIP at a Glance
This pie chart represents completed environmental actions. Non-completed environmental actions may contain completed sub-tasks that are not illustrated here. For more information on environmental action progress visit the Actions Progress tab.