Mexico Gulf of California small scale blue shrimp - drift net/cast net/bottom trawl

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Overview

Shrimp in the northwest Pacific coast of Mexico, including the Gulf of California, is the most important fishery in México. It has the highest economic value of landings, averaging $340 million. It is also the highest ranked fishery in terms of number of vessels (750 bottom trawlers and about 16,000 small-scale vessels) and number of direct jobs (37,000 direct jobs and 75,000 indirect ones). It places third in terms of volume with annual landings of approximately 42,000 tons during a season that begins in September and runs through March. The small-scale shrimp fishery in the Gulf of California contributes to these figures with annual landings of 16,000 tons, of which, 10,600 are produced in the Sonora-Sinaloa corridor.

Sustainability  Challenges:

According to the National Fisheries Institute, the fishery is at the maximum sustainable yield, therefore, the management strategies are designed to maintain the reproductive biomass, protect the offspring, and avoid an increase the fishing effort. However, the absence of an updated, robust and publicly available stock assessment impedes confirming whether or not the harvest strategy and control rules in place are effective.

Regarding the environmental performance of the fishing gear, there is publicly available information on the chinchorro de linea and Suripera environmental impacts. There is no publicly available information for the bottom trawl used by the small-scale producers.

Other concerns related to the management system include the operation of non-authorized vessels and the use of fishing gears with a different configuration to that required by the regulatory framework.

FIP Description 

Shrimp in the northwest Pacific coast of Mexico, including the Gulf of California, is the most important fishery in México. It has the highest economic value of landings, averaging $340 million.

FIP Objective(s) 

FIP Goal:

By the end of 2021, the FIP aims to achieve a management performance in accordance with the MSC indicators for sustainable fisheries.

FIP Outcomes:

  • By the end of 2021, there is a system in place for the continuous assessment of the shrimp populations targeted by the fishery.
  • By the end of 2021, the fishery's environmental impacts are evaluated and mitigation strategies are identified.
  • By the end of 2021, the supply chain is in full compliance with fishery regulations while increasing its accountability.
FIP Type 
Basic
FIP Stage 
Stage 3: FIP Implementation
Start and Projected End Dates
September 2018
December 2021
Next Progress Report Due 
Monday, November 30, 2020
Species 
Common Name 
Blue Shrimp
Scientific Name 
Litopenaeus stylirostris
Additional Names 
Camarón azul, Pacific blue shrimp
Gear Type 
Bottom Trawl
Cast Net
Driftnet
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Mexico
Geographic Scope 
Gulf of California on the shores and coastal lagoons of Sinaloa and Sonora States
Landings
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
7,500 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
13,200 metric tons
Landings Date 
November 2015
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FIP at a Glance

18% 46% 32% 4%
September 01, 2018
29% 46% 18% 7%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including FisheryProgress.org, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
C Some Recent Progress
Actions Complete
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Nov 2020
Target End Date
Dec 2021

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Eastern Fish Company
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Eric Bloom
Organization Name 
Meridian Products
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Rick Martin
Organization Name 
Ocean Garden
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Lance Leonard
Enter the public contact information for up to two leaders of the FIP. This information will be displayed on FisheryProgress.org for users who want to contact the FIP.