INACTIVE Mexico Gulf of California small scale blue shrimp - drift net/cast net/bottom trawl

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Reason for Inactivity
  • At FIP's request
  • Other
  • FIP has completed workplan actions but has not achieved overall objectives. FIP is developing a new workplan with plans to reactivate in summer 2022.
  • Overview

    Shrimp in the northwest Pacific coast of Mexico, including the Gulf of California, is the most important fishery in México. It has the highest economic value of landings, averaging $340 million. It is also the highest ranked fishery in terms of number of vessels (750 bottom trawlers and about 16,000 small-scale vessels) and number of direct jobs (37,000 direct jobs and 75,000 indirect ones). It places third in terms of volume with annual landings of approximately 42,000 tons during a season that begins in September and runs through March. The small-scale shrimp fishery in the Gulf of California contributes to these figures with annual landings of 16,000 tons, of which, 10,600 are produced in the Sonora-Sinaloa corridor.

    Sustainability  Challenges:

    According to the National Fisheries Institute, the fishery is at the maximum sustainable yield, therefore, the management strategies are designed to maintain the reproductive biomass, protect the offspring, and avoid an increase the fishing effort. However, the absence of an updated, robust and publicly available stock assessment impedes confirming whether or not the harvest strategy and control rules in place are effective.

    Regarding the environmental performance of the fishing gear, there is publicly available information on the chinchorro de linea and Suripera environmental impacts. There is no publicly available information for the bottom trawl used by the small-scale producers.

    Other concerns related to the management system include the operation of non-authorized vessels and the use of fishing gears with a different configuration to that required by the regulatory framework.

    FIP Description 

    Shrimp in the northwest Pacific coast of Mexico, including the Gulf of California, is the most important fishery in México. It has the highest economic value of landings, averaging $340 million.

    FIP Objective(s) 

    FIP Goal:

    By the end of 2021, the FIP aims to achieve a management performance in accordance with the MSC indicators for sustainable fisheries.

    FIP Outcomes:

    • By the end of 2021, there is a system in place for the continuous assessment of the shrimp populations targeted by the fishery.
    • By the end of 2021, the fishery's environmental impacts are evaluated and mitigation strategies are identified.
    • By the end of 2021, the supply chain is in full compliance with fishery regulations while increasing its accountability.
    FIP Type 
    Basic
    FIP Stage 
    Stage 5: Improvements on the Water
    Species 
    Common Name 
    Blue Shrimp
    Scientific Name
    Litopenaeus stylirostris
    Gear Type 
    Bottom Trawl
    Cast Net
    Driftnet
    Location
    Exclusive Economic Zones
    Country 
    Mexico
    Geographic Scope 
    Gulf of California on the shores and coastal lagoons of Sinaloa and Sonora States
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    FIP Leads

    Organization Name 
    Eastern Fish Company
    Organization Type 
    Industry
    Primary Contact 
    Eric Bloom
    Organization Name 
    Meridian Products
    Organization Type 
    Industry
    Primary Contact 
    Rick Martin
    Organization Name 
    Ocean Garden
    Organization Type 
    Industry
    Primary Contact 
    Lance Leonard
    FIP Identification Number The FIP Identification Number is automatically generated by FisheryProgress when a FIP profile is created. While the number itself is not meaningful, they are used by NGOs, academia, and industry to refer to FIPs in a consistent way.
    9275