The national states that participate in the squid fishery are Baja California, Baja California Sur (BCS), Sinaloa and Sonora (200 fishing permits for larger vessels and 1800 fishing permits for smaller vessels). A large percentage of the fishing happens in the localities of Santa Rosalía, in BCS, and in Guaymas, Sonora, which are historically important places in the squid fishery.
The Gulf of California squid fishery was evaluated in 2014 by the Monterey Bay Aquarium - Seafood Watch Program, which is an independent international body that evaluates marine and aquaculture resources. The fishery received a "Good Alternative" rating for this fishery.
This was the principal reason for the operating producers (represented by the Giant Squid National Product System Committee) of the squid fishery to commit to implementing a Fishery Improvement Project (FIP) in March 2017 ; in order to bring awareness to the sustainable practices of this fishery as well as to continue improving fishing practices, as the fishery has great potential to be managed with new fisheries reforms.
This resource can be managed using good fishing practices that allow it to be recognized nationally and internationally as a sustainable fishery, therefore allowing it access to better markets. In addition to promoting the sustainable management of the species, the best management policies for the resources and the transparency of the processes can be highlighted.
The national states that participate in the squid fishery are Baja California, Baja California Sur (BCS), Sinaloa and Sonora (200 fishing permits for larger vessels and 1800 fishing permits for smaller vessels).
The objective of this FIP is to transform the management of artisanal and industrial for the giant squid fishery in Mexico, through the implementation of international sustainable fishing standards with a participatory approach, and give international and national recognition of these improvements by 2022.
Specifically, the FIP aims to achieve the following by 2022:
- Improve the giant squid fishery in the Gulf of California through a sustainable fishery management plan involving four states: Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sinaloa and Sonora.
- Seek support and collaboration opportunities with different stakeholders and for instances that can provide an improvement to the fishery.
- Keep generating biological and technical information about the giant squid fishery, through collaboration between stakeholders.
- To be evaluated again by the Monterey Bay Aquarium (MBA) Seafood Watch and to be rated as "Green/Best Choice", improving fishing and social activity.
FIP at a Glance