Mexico Gulf of California jumbo squid - jig

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The national states that participate in the squid fishery are Baja California, Baja California Sur (BCS), Sinaloa and Sonora (200 fishing permits for larger vessels and 1800 fishing permits for smaller vessels). A large percentage of the fishing happens in the localities of Santa Rosalía, in BCS, and in Guaymas, Sonora, which are historically important places in the squid fishery.

The Gulf of California squid fishery was evaluated in 2014 by the Monterey Bay Aquarium - Seafood Watch Program, which is an independent international body that evaluates marine and aquaculture resources. The fishery received a "Good Alternative" rating for this fishery.

This was the principal reason for the operating producers (represented by the Giant Squid National Product System Committee) of the squid fishery to commit to implementing a Fishery Improvement Project (FIP) in March 2017 ; in order to bring awareness to the sustainable practices of this fishery as well as to continue improving fishing practices, as the fishery has great potential to be managed with new fisheries reforms.

This resource can be managed using good fishing practices that allow it to be recognized nationally and internationally as a sustainable fishery, therefore allowing it access to better markets. In addition to promoting the sustainable management of the species, the best management policies for the resources and the transparency of the processes can be highlighted.

This FIP is going to comprehensive (2020-2022).

FIP Description 

The national states that participate in the squid fishery are Baja California, Baja California Sur (BCS), Sinaloa and Sonora (200 fishing permits for larger vessels and 1800 fishing permits for smaller vessels).

FIP Objective(s) 

The objective of this FIP is to transform the management of artisanal and industrial for the jumbo squid fishery in Mexico, through the implementation of all 28 indicators of the international sustainable fishing standard MSC with a participatory approach, and give international and national recognition of these improvements, by 2022.

Specifically, the FIP aims to achieve the following:

  • Promote the updating and publicly of the stock assessment information annually, including other/additional reference points to the fishery-addressing the uncertainty (December 2022).
  • Improve the information related to the harvest strategy on all other fishery removals from the stock (December 2022).
  • Update publicly assess the ecosystem’s fishery’s impacts (Ecopath analysis) and incorporate this approach in the Fishery Management Plan (December 2022).
  • Promote the development of the methodology to achieve the specific objectives detailed in the Fishery Management Plan (December 2022).
  • Continue generating information of the fishery through the monitoring of fishing logbooks (artisanal) and keep implementing SIICAPAL platform (industrial) -if fishery gets active (December 2022).

Additional to the MSC standard:

  • Seek support and collaboration opportunities with different stakeholders and for instances that can provide an improvement to the fishery.
  • Keep generating biological and technical information about the jumbo squid fishery, through collaboration between stakeholders.
  • To be evaluated again by the Monterey Bay Aquarium (MBA) Seafood Watch and to be rated as "Green/Best Choice".
FIP Type 
FIP Stage 
Stage 5: Improvements on the Water
Start and Projected End Dates
June 2017
June 2022
Next Progress Report Due 
Tuesday, November 30, 2021
Common Name 
Jumbo Squid
Scientific Name
Dosidicus gigas
Gear Type 
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Geographic Scope 
Gulf of California
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
653 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
2,866 metric tons

FIP at a Glance

14% 86%
June 01, 2017
39% 57% 4%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
A Advanced Progress
Actions Complete

This pie chart represents completed environmental actions. Non-completed environmental actions may contain completed sub-tasks that are not illustrated here. For more information on environmental action progress visit the Actions Progress tab.

  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Nov 2021
Target End Date
Jun 2022
Additional Impacts:

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Comunidad y Biodiversidad, A.C.
Organization Type 
Primary Contact 
Lorena Rocha
+52 622 222 49 90
Organization Name 
Comité Nacional Sistema Producto Calamar Gigante
Organization Type 
Primary Contact 
Juan Pedro Vela
FIP Identification Number The FIP Identification Number is automatically generated by FisheryProgress when a FIP profile is created. While the number itself is not meaningful, they are used by NGOs, academia, and industry to refer to FIPs in a consistent way.