Mexico Western Baja California Sur swimming crab - pot/trap

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Overview

In Mexico, one of the most important fisheries for the small-scale fleet is swimming crab. The fishery started during the 1980s and was fully developed by the early 1990s. By 2013, the swimming crab fishery was the 8th highest in production in the Mexican Pacific with ~17,000 t and was the 12th most important in terms of value. 

Baja California Sur is the third largest producer, after Sonora and Sinaloa, with an average of 400 t per year. Crab fishing mainly occurs the coastal lagoons of the western coast of the state. The Magdalena-Almejas lagoon complex is the most important fishing region, contributing to ~76% of the state's production, followed by Ojo de Liebre lagoon (14%) and San Ignacio lagoon (10%) 

The federal regulations for the fishery are listed on the Swimming Crab of the Pacific, the National Fisheries Charter and the Official Mexican Standard for the crab fishery NOM-039-PESC-2003. The standard establishes traps as the only fishing gear allowed in Baja California Sur. Traps specifications, as well as minimum crab size limits, are contained within the regulations. Finally, managers state that the fishery may reach its maximum level and recommends to keep the current level of fishing effort in place. 

FIP Description 

In Mexico, one of the most important fisheries for the small-scale fleet is swimming crab. The fishery started during the 1980s and was fully developed by the early 1990s.

FIP Objective(s) 

FIP Goal:

The goal of the project is to strengthen the harvest strategy, related harvest control rules and the management system to reach, for the fall of 2025, a minimum score of 80 for all the principles performance indicators for the MSC Standard.

Project outcomes for 2025 are:

  • To establish a fishery monitoring and data collection program to document and evaluate the fishery impacts to biodiversity.
  • To promote, the development and publication of a robust and comprehensive stock assessment for the target species.
  • To Promote, the development and implementation of a harvest strategy and control rules for the fishery.
  • To promote updates to the national fishery regulatory to meet the sustainability standards internationally accepted.
FIP Type 
Comprehensive
FIP Stage 
Stage 4: Improvements in Fishing Practices or Fishery Management
Start and Projected End Dates
January 2018
October 2025
Update 
The Mexico Western Baja California Sur swimming crab - pot/trap FIP started in 2018. From the beginning, the FIP focused the efforts on strengthening the supply chain compliance with the fishery regulations, particularly those related to minimum legal size the protection of egg bearing females and to promote the fishery management plan development and implementation. After major adjustments to the supply chain, business strategy and the 2020 market and economic contraction related to the COVID-19 global pandemic FIP Participants are confident to have the means to deliver the last improvements needed to get the fishery ready for its MSC certification. This is why we are upgrading the project to a Comprehensive FIP and presenting this update to the project calendar and activities. We are confident that at the end of this last 5-year period, the fishery will deliver a score of 80+ for all the MSC Fisheries Standard performance indicators.
Next Progress Report Due 
Monday, September 28, 2020
Species 
Common Name 
Brown Crab
Scientific Name 
Callinectes bellicosus
Additional Names 
Warrior swimcrab, warrior swimming crab, Cortez swimming crab, jaiba café
Gear Type 
Pot/Trap
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Mexico
Geographic Scope 
West Coast of Baja California Sur
Landings
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
850 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
1,200 metric tons
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FIP at a Glance

57% 43%
January 01, 2018
7% 36% 43% 14%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including FisheryProgress.org, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
Not yet available
Actions Complete
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Sep 2020
Target End Date
Oct 2025

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Alimentos del Mar de Norte America
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Tirso Alvarez
Organization Name 
Pesca Responsable y Comercio Justo
Organization Type 
Consultant
Primary Contact 
Juan Manuel Garcia Caudillo
Organization Name 
Ocean Technology Inc.
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Ed Dixon
FIP Identification Number The FIP Identification Number is automatically generated by FisheryProgress when a FIP profile is created. While the number itself is not meaningful, they are used by NGOs, academia, and industry to refer to FIPs in a consistent way.
7522