Mexico Western Baja California Sur swimming crab - pot/trap

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Overview

In Mexico, one of the most important fisheries for the small-scale fleet is swimming crab. The fishery started during the 1980s and was fully developed by the early 1990s. By 2013, the swimming crab fishery was the 8th highest in production in the Mexican Pacific with ~17,000 t and was the 12th most important in terms of value. 

Baja California Sur is the third largest producer, after Sonora and Sinaloa, with an average of 400 t per year. Crab fishing mainly occurs the coastal lagoons of the western coast of the state. The Magdalena-Almejas lagoon complex is the most important fishing region, contributing to ~76% of the state's production, followed by Ojo de Liebre lagoon (14%) and San Ignacio lagoon (10%) 

The federal regulations for the fishery are listed on the Swimming Crab of the Pacific, the National Fisheries Charter and the Official Mexican Standard for the crab fishery NOM-039-PESC-2003. The standard establishes traps as the only fishing gear allowed in Baja California Sur. Traps specifications, as well as minimum crab size limits, are contained within the regulations. Finally, managers state that the fishery may reach its maximum level and recommends to keep the current level of fishing effort in place. 

FIP Description 

In Mexico, one of the most important fisheries for the small-scale fleet is swimming crab. The fishery started during the 1980s and was fully developed by the early 1990s.

FIP Objective(s) 

The overall goal of this project is to improve the fishery management performance in accordance with the MSC Standard for sustainable fisheries by the end of 2022. To achieve this, the FIP will work on the following:

  • To establish a system that allows a continuous monitoring and assessment of the fishery stock status and environmental impacts.
  • Evaluating and fishery environmental impacts 
  • Put in place a system that improves compliance with the swimming crab supply chain with fishery regulations.
FIP Type 
Basic
FIP Stage 
Stage 3: FIP Implementation
Start and Projected End Dates
January 2018
December 2022
Next Progress Report Due 
Saturday, September 28, 2019
Species 
Common Name 
Brown Crab
Scientific Name 
Callinectes bellicosus
Gear Type 
Pot/Trap
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 77 (Pacific, Eastern Central)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Mexico
Geographic Scope 
West Coast of Baja California Sur
Regional Fisheries Management Organization
Volume
FIP Volume 
850 metric tons
Total Fishery Volume 
1,200 metric tons
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FIP at a Glance

4% 43% 43% 11%
January 01, 2018
11% 32% 43% 14%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including FisheryProgress.org, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
C Some Recent Progress
Actions Complete
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Sep 2019
Target End Date
Dec 2022

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
Alimentos del Mar de Norte America
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Tirso Alvarez
Organization Name 
Pesca Responsable y Comercio Justo
Organization Type 
Consultant
Primary Contact 
Juan Manuel Garcia Caudillo
Organization Name 
Ocean Technology Inc.
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Ed Dixon
Enter the public contact information for the leader of the FIP. This information will be displayed on FisheryProgress.org for users who want to contact the FIP.