Peru anchovy - industrial purse-seine

Primary tabs

Overview

Among the coastal pelagic species of the Northern Humboldt Current System (NHCS), Peruvian anchovy (Engraulis ringens) is predominant and it supports one of the most important single species fisheries worldwide. Peruvian anchovy landings by the industrial sector are used for indirect human consumption.  The NHCS is an important sector of one of the most productive world marine ecosystems: the Humboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystem.  The Humboldt Current extends along the coasts of Chile and Peru; the NHCS corresponds to Peru.

In 1955, the first management measures for the Peruvian anchovy fishery were implemented, when a minimum catch size of 12 cm and a minimum mesh size were established.  In the 1970s, new measures were drafted related to catch control by means of establishing annual global fishing quotas.

There are three fishing fleets targeting the Northern-Central stock of Peruvian anchovy: there is an artisanal fishing fleet of vessels of less than 10 m3 GRT; a small-scale fishing fleet of vessels of more than 10 m3 GRT and less than 32.6 m3 GRT; and an industrial fishing fleet of vessels larger than 32.6 m3.  Only industrial landings are to be used to produce fishmeal.  

Currently, the most important fishery management measures are:

  • Total allowable catches
  • Maximum Allowable Catch per Vessel (industrial fleet)
  • Minimum catch size of 12 cm
  • Minimum mesh size 13 mm – ½”
  • Regulation of the fishing capacity or effort of fishing vessels
  • Time and space closures for the protection of juveniles and the reproductive process
  • Exclusion zone for industrial fishing up to 5 marine miles from the coast
  • Establishing a maximum percentage of bycatch of other species, maximum 5% of the catch.
  • Establishing a Surveillance and Control Program of Marine Fishing and Landing, as well as Satellite Follow Up.

Regarding research, the Peruvian fishery research institute (Instituto del Mar del Perú, IMARPE) dedicates significant financial and human resources to the follow-up and research of this fishery. It benefits from a large data flow, both regarding the Peruvian anchovy stock as well as the group of variables and impacts related to it.  Also, during the last fifty years, industrial vessels have participated from activities related to fishing data collection.

At the start of this FIP, the main issues regarding the sustainability of the fishery were:

  1. It is necessary to demonstrate that the fishery complies with the requirement of attending the needs of the ecosystem.
  2. It is required that harvest control rules in a low biomass scenario are more explicit, as well as the management objectives related to the ecosystem.
  3. It is necessary to address unreported fishing and illegal vessels, which represent a potential danger for the sustainability of the fishery.
  4. It is necessary to achieve a better understanding of the direct impacts of the Unit of Assessment on ETP species and habitats.

Perfil de FIP en Español

FIP Description 

Among the coastal pelagic species of the Northern Humboldt Current System (NHCS), Peruvian anchovy (Engraulis ringens) is predominant and it supports one of the most important single species fisheries worldwide.

FIP Objective(s) 
  • [COMPLETE] To demonstrate that the management system considers the ecosystem needs by August 2020.
  • [ON TRACK] To make improvements in the management system that would allow for explicit harvest control rules in the case of low biomass, by January 2021.
  • [COMPLETE] To organize the available data gathered by the industrial fishing vessels and encourage further technological innovation and development in order to allow for the assessment and monitoring of the ecosystem by March 2020.
  • [ON TRACK] To make management improvements and actions to maximize the respect of management rules by the artisanal and small-scale fleet and to improve traceability, while contemplating any selectivity and technological innovation limitations by January 2021.
  • [ON TRACK] Determining the direct impacts of the fleet on ETP species and other ecosystem components and, if necessary, devise proposals to mitigate them by January 2021.
  • [ON TRACK] To achieve a certifiable status by January 2021.
FIP Type 
Comprehensive
FIP Stage 
Stage 5: Improvements on the Water
Start and Projected End Dates
January 2017
January 2021
Update 
24 Apr 2020 - Using the results of the recently completed 3-year audit performed by MRAG, FIP partners will be reviewing the extension of the FIP Action Plan. During the revision period, FIP partners will continue to implement the Actions that are currently incomplete. 07 Dec 2020 - In July 2020, after careful review of the situation, FIP partners agreed on extending this FIP up to January 2021. The tasks to be completed were formally agreed by means of Specific Agreement N° 6 (see Details tab).
Next Progress Report Due 
Sunday, March 28, 2021
Species 
Common Name 
Anchoveta
Scientific Name
Engraulis ringens
Gear Type 
Purse Seine
Location
FAO Major Fishing Area
Area 87 (Pacific, Southeast)
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Peru
Landings
Estimated Total FIP Landings 
3,060,000 metric tons
Estimated Total Fishery Landings 
3,060,000 metric tons
Landings Date 
December 2017
PrintPDF

FIP at a Glance

25% 75%
January 01, 2017
4% 39% 57%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including FisheryProgress.org, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
A Advanced Progress
Actions Complete

This pie chart represents completed environmental actions. Non-completed environmental actions may contain completed sub-tasks that are not illustrated here. For more information on environmental action progress visit the Actions Progress tab.

  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Mar 2021
Target End Date
Jan 2021
Additional Impacts:
Roundtable

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
CeDePesca
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Carmen Guerrero
Organization Name 
Sociedad Nacional de Pesquería
Organization Type 
Industry
Primary Contact 
Jorge Risi
FIP Identification Number The FIP Identification Number is automatically generated by FisheryProgress when a FIP profile is created. While the number itself is not meaningful, they are used by NGOs, academia, and industry to refer to FIPs in a consistent way.
3546