Landings from the artisanal and small-scale fleets are used for direct human consumption. Peruvian anchovy is one of the key species within the Southeastern Pacific ecosystem as it is consumed by many other animal species. It is extremely sensitive to variable environmental conditions under the influence of the Humboldt Current, the Cromwell Current, and periodic strong El Niño and La Niña events.
The three fishing fleets targeting the Northern-Central stock of anchovy (including their fishing capacity) are: an artisanal fishing fleet of vessels of less than 10 m3 GRT; a small-scale fishing fleet of vessels of more than 10 m3 GRT and less than 32.6 m3 GRT; and an industrial fishing fleet of vessels larger than 32.6 m3; the Chimbote fleet, from which Compañía Americana de Conservas (Grupo Consorcio) and Lovering Foods UK source from which also belongs to the small-scale and artisanal fleet category.
At the time of drafting this report, the main issues regarding the sustainability of the small-scale fishery are:
- There is little knowledge of the impacts the Chimbote small-scale fleet has over other ecosystem components, such as bycatch species and endangered, threatened and protected (ETP) species.
- Catch limits for the small-scale fleet need to be reinforced and landing and transportation controls need to be strengthened.
- Transparency of science should continue to increase, so that information on the stock status in relation to its ecosystem reference points are readily available to the public.
Landings from the artisanal and small-scale fleets are used for direct human consumption. Peruvian anchovy is one of the key species within the Southeastern Pacific ecosystem as it is consumed by many other animal species.
- To design and implement a private onboard observers program to close information gaps regarding the Chimbote small-scale fleet interaction with other ecosystem components by March 2018.
- To conduct an Ecological Risk Assessment for the Effects of Fishing to detect risks faced by species impacted by the fishery and devise management proposals, if needed, by March 2020.
- To integrate the information obtained by the various on board observers programs under direction of the Peruvian Fisheries Research Institute (IMARPE), by March 2020.
- To strengthen enforcement of management measures and of surveillance and control mechanisms by regional authorities by March 2020.
- To ensure further collaboration and coordination among stakeholders in the governmental, private and non-governmental sectors by March 2020.
- To enter MSC full assessment by March 2020.
FIP at a Glance