Thailand longtail tuna - purse seine

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Overview

The Thailand longtail tuna purse-seine FIP targeting free-swimming fish schools of Longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in the Gulf of Thailand aims to meet sustainability criteria for MSC certification and assist the fisheries to better meet international market requirements.

An initial pre-assessment was completed for longtail tuna caught by purse seiners, operating on both the east (Gulf of Thailand) and west (Andaman Sea) coasts of Thailand in May of 2012 (Banks, 2012). This FIP was part of a wider project seeking to improve management of this species and also address labor and social issues in the fishing industry. The FIP was originally initiated with funding from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) in 2013, but activities associated with this SIDA funded FIP were suspended in 2015

A new pre-assessment and associated action plan for longtail tuna was completed in November 2016 (Seilert, 2016) for two Units of Assessment (UoAs); longtail tuna stock in the Gulf of Thailand (GoT) and longtail tuna stock in the Andaman Sea caught by neritic tuna purse seiners (TUNA-PS). Coastal purse seining on tuna in Thailand is divided into 4 types of purse seine fisheries; purse seine fishery utilizing fish aggregating devices (FAD), light luring purse seine fishing (LPS), the Thai purse seine (TPS) and neritic tuna purse seine (TUNA-PS). On average less than 5% of all purse seine catch is comprised of Longtail tuna wilt GoT and Andaman Sea fisheries accounting for ~75% and 25% respectively. Neritic tuna purse seiners (TUNA-PS) are the largest purse seine vessels in Thailand (usually over 100 GT) and account for ~92% of all longtail tuna catches in the GoT only around 20% of all longtail tuna catches in the Andaman Sea (MFRDB 2013).

The results of this new pre-assessment were presented to key Thai stakeholders from industry, government and research agencies in February and April of 2017. Based on previous research using mitochondrial DNA analysis to confirm these are separate stocks (Willette, Santos and Leadbitter, 2016), the allocation of effort by Thai registered fishing vessels and the fleet and fishery characteristics the decision was made to initiate a FIP on the GoT stock only.

This GoT longtail tuna FIP is being facilitated by WWF Thailand, involving partners from the Thailand Department of Fisheries (DoF), the Thai Tuna Industry Association (TTIA) and the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC). These four organization signed a Joint Declaration of Intent on May 29th, 2018 declaring their support for finalizing the Longtail Tuna FIP Action Plan and committing their respective organizations to implement activities for which they agree to take responsibility as part of the multi-stakeholder consultation process.

A FIP Steering Committee will be established under an agreement, with foundation members being DoF, TTIA, SEAFDEC and WWF. The FIP Steering Committee will serve as a vehicle for key decision-making and cross-sectoral collaboration to achieve FIP sustainability objectives. From time to time, as needed, ad-hoc members will join this committee to provide expert input and assist with specific issues and concerns.

This longtail tuna FIP aims to increase knowledge about and application of international sustainability standards as well as to improve cross-sector collaboration and enhance fishery traceability. This FIP will also advance the implementation of both national and regional conservation and management of Longtail tuna, acknowledging catches of Tonggol occurs in EEZs of other countries (i.e. Malaysia, Indonesia) often through joint ventures or fishing agreements.

FIP Description 

The Thailand longtail tuna purse-seine FIP targeting free-swimming fish schools of Longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in the Gulf of Thailand aims to meet sustainability criteria for MSC certification and assist the fisheries to better meet

FIP Objective(s) 

The objective of this FIP is to achieve a standard necessary for MSC certification by the end of 2024. 

FIP Type 
Comprehensive
FIP Stage 
Stage 2: FIP Launch
Start and Projected End Dates
April 2019
December 2024
Next Progress Report Due 
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Species 
Common Name 
Longtail Tuna
Scientific Name 
Thunnus tonggol
Additional Names 
Tonggol tuna
Gear Type 
Purse Seine
Location
Exclusive Economic Zones
Country 
Thailand
Geographic Scope 
Gulf of Thailand (all provinces)
Regional Fisheries Management Organization
Volume
FIP Volume 
16,944 metric tons
Total Fishery Volume 
21,174 metric tons
Volume Date 
March 2019
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FIP at a Glance

54% 7% 39%
April 01, 2019
54% 7% 39%
Progress Rating

A - Advanced Progress
Reserved for comprehensive FIPs that have a Stage 4 or 5 result within the past 12 months.

B - Good Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 in more than 12 months AND Stage 3 activity in the last year; OR a basic FIP that has achieved Stage 4 or 5 achievements within the past 12 months.

C - Some Recent Progress
A FIP that has achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 12 (but less than 24) months but has not generated a Stage 3 result within the past 12 months OR a FIP younger than a year that has never achieved a Stage 4 or 5 result but has completed a Stage 3 activity.

D - Some Past Progress
A FIP for which the most recent publicly reported Stage 4 or 5 result is more than 24 (but less than 30) months.

E - Negligible Progress
A FIP older than a year that has not reported a Stage 4 or 5 result in more than 30 month (but less than 36) months; OR a FIP younger than 1 year that has not reported a Stage 3 activity.

The ratings are currently derived by SFP from publicly available data on FIP websites, including FisheryProgress.org, and are determined using the following methodology: View PDF
Not yet available
Actions Complete
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Next Update Due FisheryProgress requires a FIP to provide update reports every six months, and two missed reports will render the FIP inactive. If a report is overdue, this date will appear red.
Oct 2019
Target End Date
Dec 2024

FIP Leads

Organization Name 
WWF
Organization Type 
NGO
Primary Contact 
Ms Pakawan Talawat
Phone 
+66 91 463 5462
Enter the public contact information for the leader of the FIP. This information will be displayed on FisheryProgress.org for users who want to contact the FIP.