Rooted in earlier projects by WWF Vietnam focused on bycatch best practices, the Vietnam yellowfin tuna FIP was launched in 2014, following the completion of a Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) pre-assessment and ensuing FIP Action Plan (updated in 2020). The Action Plan scores the yellowfin against MSC criteria, identifying gaps and recommended actions required to meet the MSC standard. WWF Vietnam is the National FIP Manager and the Vietnam Tuna Association (VinaTuna) is also a member of the FIP Coordination Unit together with an International FIP coordinator supported by WWF-US.
The FIP previously included the longline gear (pre-2020) but vessels historically using longline have converted to handline only.
Species: Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares)
Gear Type: Handline
Location: FAO Major Fishing Area 61 (Pacific, Northwest) and Area 71 (Pacific, Western Central) Exclusive Economic Zones
Geographic Scope: Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa
Volume: 17,859 metric tons (2018)
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) together with provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) are the key State agencies collaborating with the FIP Coordination Unit. The FIP works with relevant MARD departments, particularly the Directorate of Fisheries (DFISH), the Department of Conservation and Aquatic Resource Development (DECAP) and the Research Institute of Marine Fisheries (RIMF).
The yellowfin tuna FIP is directly supported by several international seafood companies (FIP Participants) engaged in various aspects of implementation – including field, market, policy and financing. We also work with tuna processing industries in Vietnam in establishing FIP traceability.
The continued active involvement of international seafood companies, domestic processors and several national government agencies, are helping to improve the rate of progress in improvements against the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) standard.
The Vietnam yellowfin tuna fishery is meeting the rising global demand for tuna. With approximately 2,000 vessels fishing for yellowfin, and a 2018 total export value of nearly $380 million, it is the most important wild-capture export product in Vietnam.
Rooted in earlier projects by WWF Vietnam focused on bycatch best practices, the Vietnam yellowfin tuna FIP was launched in 2014, following the completion of a Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) pre-assessment and ensuing FIP Action Plan (updated in
To overarching goal is to achieve MSC certification by 2023. Several intermediate objectives of the FIP have been identified, in contribution to the continual improvement in management of the fishery. These include:
- Supporting the development and implementation in management of harvest control rules and limit reference points, in partnership with WPEA project and wider WCPFC
- Continued expansion of training, piloting and at-sea deployment of onboard observers in the handline fishery, including piloting of electronic logbooks, in direct partnership with industry (FIP Participants)
- Supporting the establishment of a National Observer Program and securing the sustainable financing of its implementation towards WCPFC targets
- Development and application in management of a Bycatch Mitigation Strategy, including full reporting of sea turtle and shark encounters
- Continued socialization and expansion in the use of Circle Hooks in the handline fishery, mainstreaming their adoption across the sector
- Implementation of FIP traceability program, fully applied in all relevant processors and verified through independent 3rd party audits
- Ongoing communication and awareness programs with fishers, processors and other stakeholders related to the FIP
FIP at a Glance